report written by Lillian Davis (11)
Elephants usually live in groups called nuclear bonds. A couple of these bonds make one herd, and a couple of herds make one, immense social group. In the Savanna you will find rouges and other loners, which are all male, sometimes it’s a male ruling the bond, so here’s where things get tough. When the King of the Herd gets old, the young challenge him because they want his position. But, alas, the old chief, who gets very angry, becomes a loner when he loses a battle. Lovingly each female cares for the other females and helps raise other young elephants in the nuclear bond.
Elephants have the amazing ability to hear sounds that people are deaf to. Rumbling is elephant’s main way of communicating. Mostly the females talk and the males listen. Elephants can hear and make 400 calls, but humans can only hear one hundred elephant calls, because elephants can hear two octaves lower than humans. Did you know that the mating songs can last thirty minutes when it is mating season? Above most elephant sounds, trumpeting, which indicates vicious anger, is likely the loudest and can definitely be heard by people.
Over the centuries elephants have been domesticated to work for people like in circuses. Elephants, which have a very good memory, can easily be taught tricks if you have their trust. But if you have their trusts, they will gleefully do tricks. Because elephants are so massive, the circuses uses them to make an entrance. Majestically elephants perform to get meals and praise from the trainers. Did you know African elephants refuse to be domesticated and therefor don’t entertain us in a circus?